This executive summary provides an overview of the findings in reports that examine the economic landscape of the tobacco sector in five countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union: the Russian Federation (Russia), Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. These countries have a complicated and interwoven common past. Until 1991, they were all part of the Soviet Union, united by one government, one language, one healthcare system, an interdependent economic system, and universal military conscription into a common military complex.
After 1991, the countries went through social and economic transformations. They faced similar challenges and made similar economic decisions that were based, for the most part, on their previous common culture. Russia and Kazakhstan are now considered upper middle-income countries based on their annual per capita incomes. Russia’s per capita annual income is $11,585 and Kazakhstan’s is $9,731.10. Uzbekistan’s annual per capita income is $1,724.80, Ukraine’s is $3,659, and Georgia’s is $4,769. These three countries are considered lower middle-income countries.
Mission is to eliminate smoking worldwide by supporting cessation & harm reduction #research, and transitioning tobacco #farmers to alternative livelihoods.
Nearly half of all tobacco users are concentrated in China, India & Indonesia. What is preventing the implementation of effective #cessation and harm reduction strategies to help people quit smoking in these three countries? Learn more:https://bit.ly/3mWNhQp #fightagainstsmoking
.@CDP_innovation recently released a whitepaper on impediments to tobacco harm reduction in low-to middle-income countries where 80% of the world’s tobacco users live. Read the paper here: https://bit.ly/3t4idlo
Renée O'Leary and @RiccardoPolosa describe the potential benefits of #tobaccoharmreduction, as well as barriers to its adoption. Cultural leeriness of #HRPs, they note, often stems from misperceptions about these products. https://bit.ly/3evl8Zf
The Tobacco Transformation Index measures the extent to which companies are making material progress toward reducing the consumption of high-risk products and contributing to tobacco harm reduction efforts. More on @Swedish_Match’s divestment here: https://bit.ly/3zPJUzF
.@CDP_innovation released a whitepaper on the impediments to #THR in low-to middle-income countries. In #China, 83% of tobacco smokers were aware of “e-cigarettes” or “vapes”, but only 27% in #Indonesia & 12% in #India were aware. Read the paper here: https://bit.ly/3t4idlo
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