Tobacco products in the United States are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). Under the Tobacco Control Act, all cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, heat-not-burn, and all other products and accessories made or derived from tobacco must receive a marketing authorization from the FDA. All tobacco products carry warning labels and advertising is restricted, but state and local governments often pass additional restrictions on smoking, particularly concerning age limits, advertising, and public smoking. Cigarettes with a characterizing flavor are banned. The FDA has proposed regulating menthol and the nicotine content of combusted cigarettes.
Media coverage focuses on health risks of cigarette smoking, tobacco usage trends, smoking cessation, harm reduction methods, and the ever-changing regulatory environment.
Americans have conflicting beliefs about alternatives. There is an ongoing debate over whether e-cigarettes are a healthier alternative and the risk of e-cigarettes as a gateway to traditional cigarettes for teenagers.